REVIEW: Human Geopolitics States, Emigrants, and the Rise of Diaspora Institutions

25 Feb 2020

( Alan Gamlen has written an ambitious and insightful book on the emergence and spread of diaspora management institutions. The empirical puzzle that motivates this book is the slow spread of diaspora institutions up until the 1990s and their lightning-speed-spread since 2005. The author identifies three waves in this process and proposes a different logic driving it in each phase. The first one, from mid-20th century to the early 1990s, involves relatively few countries, primarily attempting to gather back former exiles following regime shocks, such as decolonization and post-colonial nation-building. The second, from mid-1990s to mid-2000s, is a much larger wave involving many more countries that adopt diaspora institutions primarily in order to manage (labour) mobility and market integration within regional integration initiatives. The last and most important wave, from Gamlen’s perspective, began circa 2005 and is on-going. This period involves by far the most states adopting diaspora institutions than ever before. [...]

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