Posts by Marlene Laruelle

Marlene Laruelle 11-11-2019
(Acta Borealia) The arrival into geography, and especially urban geography, of a frame of questioning coming from postcolonial studies has contributed to a fascinating debate about what a “postcolonial” city is and how the urban duality between ethnically, socially, and spatially segregated “European” towns and “native” settlements is being reformulated and transformed. Obviously, Arctic cities are not postcolonial in the political sense of being...
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Marlene Laruelle 11-11-2019
(Berghahn Books) Many cities of Russia’s Far North face a massive population decline, with the exception of those based on oil and gas extraction in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. Yet, there is one more exception to that trend: the city of Yakutsk, capital of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, whose population is booming, having grown from 186,000 in 1989 to 338,000 in 2018, This unique demographic dynamism is founded on the massive exodus of the...
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Marlene Laruelle 10-17-2019
(Andrea Mitchell Center Podcast) Interviewer: MATTHEW BERKMAN. The United States, and Western democracies more generally, currently view Russia through the lens of their own internal crises, argues MARLENE LARUELLE, expert on Russian politics and author of Understanding Russia: The Challenges of Transformation. In her discussion with political scientists and Mitchell Center interviewer Matthew Berkman, Laruelle describes...
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Marlene Laruelle 09-17-2019
(Co-authored with Sophie Hohmann) This article advances the notion of “Polar Islam” to describe the birth and structuring of Muslim communities in Russia’s Arctic cities. It does not assert that Arctic conditions have created an entirely specific Islam; most of the features attributed here to “Polar Islam” can easily be found in other regions of Russia. Yet the climatic conditions, remoteness, and heavy industrial character of these cities contribute to...
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Marlene Laruelle 09-17-2019
(Rowan & Littlefield) This social and cultural analysis provides a new understanding of Kazakhstan’s younger generations that emerged during the rule of Nursultan Nazarbayev, who has been presiding over Kazakhstan for the thirty years since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Half of Kazakhstan’s population was born after he took power and have no direct memory of the Soviet regime. Since the early 2000s, they have lived in a world of political...
Marlene Laruelle 04-10-2019
(Political Capital) (Co-authored with Ellen Rivera) Political Capital have already published a series of reports on the connections between the far-right and Russia in many European countries, including Hungary, Austria, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Poland, Greece and France (the latter one co-authored by Marlene Laruelle). This study (written by Marlene Laruelle and Ellen Rivera), focusing on the connections between German far-right and Russia, is a new...
Marlene Laruelle 04-10-2019
(Central Asian Survey) (Co-authored with Dylan Royce) Abstract: Though Central Asia is often studied through the prism of its relationships with external powers, research on local public perceptions of these different actors has largely been overlooked. The literature on Kazakhstanis’ perceptions of their neighbours, for instance, is scarce, and mostly focused on analysis of official discourse on Kazakhstan’s multi-vector policy, with little exploration...
Marlene Laruelle 04-05-2019
(IFRI) What makes the militia milieu so unique and important for understanding today’s Russia is that it finds itself at the intersection of state institutions, patronage mechanisms, criminal structures, and grassroots illiberal activism. Abroad, the Kremlin plays through it one of its major “hybrid warfare” cards, outsourcing activities traditionally conducted by intelligence entities and allowing for plausible deniability. The militia realm thus seems...
Marlene Laruelle 01-28-2019
(Europe-Asia Studies) Abstract: Russia’s historical policy towards the centenary of 1917 was composed of several parallel strategies: diminishing the meaning of the event to avoid the head of state and other government figures having to take a stance; outsourcing commemorative events, with no pre-planned grand design; developing a reconciliatory narrative of the ‘Whites’ and the ‘Reds’; and allowing other actors to promote a plurality of contradictory...
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Marlene Laruelle 12-20-2018
Политолог Марлен Ларюэль о «российском» человеке, молодежном национализме, церкви и Дне народного единства. Пока в западных странах националистические движения и ультраправые партии ставят рекорды на парламентских выборах, национализм в России как будто находится в упадке. Согласно опросам Левада-центра, в 2017 году уровень ксенофобии среди россиян достиг минимума – только 54% населения хотели ограничить проживание других национальностей в России и только...

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About the author

Research Professor of International Affairs; Director of the Central Asia Program; Co-director of PONARS Eurasia
George Washington University