Sergiy Kudelia
(Presidential Power) Since November 28, 2018 ten oblasts (provinces) in Ukraine have been operating under the provisions of the ‘martial law.’ President Petro Poroshenko introduced it in response to violent seizure of 3 Ukraine military vessels and arrest of 24 sailors by Russian coast guard ships...
Marlene Laruelle
(Russia Matters) In 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s famous Munich speech took stock of what Russia considered the failure of the post-Cold War détente with the West, specifically NATO’s eastward expansion and a European security architecture that excluded Russia. Today, almost 12 years...
Mark Kramer Mark Kramer
(PONARS Policy Memo) After the Soviet Union broke apart, the Russian government fought two highly destructive wars against insurgents in Chechnya—in 1994-1996 and in 1999-2009. Both wars caused immense bloodshed, dislocation, and property damage. The first war ended in a humiliating setback for the...
Mikhail Alexseev Mikhail Alexseev
(PONARS Policy Memo) Whereas it is hard to imagine the Donbas retuning fully to Ukraine’s control without Russia ending its multi-year military and economic backing of the separatist entities there, the question of the region’s reintegration is highly prevalent in Ukraine’s political and social...
Sean Roberts
(RFE/RL) China’s campaign against Uyghur nationalism, branded by Beijing as separatism, has abruptly spiked in the last two years and spread beyond just the Uyghurs. [...]  On this week's Majlis podcat, RFE/RL's media-relations manager, Muhammad Tahir, moderates a discussion on the repercussions of...
Andrey Makarychev
(RAD) Abstract: Looking at Narva, the Estonian city with strong Russian roots, through the lens of culture allows us to see it less as a threat and more as an opportunity. Current Estonian policy seeks to Europeanize Narva, making it cool rather than alien. This effort, instead of pushing Russia...
PONARS Eurasia
(Point & Counterpoint) Listen to Alexander Iskandaryan, director of the Caucasus Institute in Yerevan, discuss the "evolution of revolutions" in Armenia. He discusses the primary differences between the discontent in 2008 and the recent uprising. For example, at that time there was economic...

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