Tetyana MalyarenkoStefan Wolff
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) History is often said to repeat itself or at least to rhyme. Decentralization in Ukraine has been on and off the agenda of successive governments since the country’s independence in 1991. Originally, the main rationale was to reform the old Soviet system in order to...
Sener Akturk
(TRT World) Operation Peace Spring, which was launched in October 2019, has been in the making for more than four years. By mid-2015, the YPG-PYD’s expanding occupation of the mostly Arab-majority Northern Syria, combined with their deliberate policy of forced displacement of its Arab and Turkmen,...
Mikhail Troitskiy
(Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists) Abstract: The onset of a crisis in US-Russian and global arms control has generated manifold proposals on ways to rejuvenate productive negotiations on weapons cuts and confidence building measures. Yet most of these plans are focused on technical details while...
Pavel Baev
(EDM) The proceedings of the annual Munich Security Conference always attract keen attention in Moscow, and last weekend (February 14–16) was no exception. The discussions at this high-level forum are indeed highly consequential most years, but Russian interest continues to be stimulated by...
PONARS Eurasia
(War on the Rocks) In January, U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said that China had developed “a 21st century surveillance state with unprecedented abilities to censor speech and infringe upon basic human rights. Now, it is exporting its facial recognition software and systems abroad.” In remarks...
Ivan Kurilla
(Riddle) Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has been traversing its own, often difficult, path towards independent development. Over the past thirty years, Russian society and the country’s elites have performed many tests, making many mistakes along the way. From today’s vantage point...
PONARS Eurasia
(Russian Analytical Digest) The topic of this issue is ‘Putin‘s Power Games.’ In it, eight authors from different institutions (Jan Matti Dollbaum, Maria Domańska, Vladimir Gel’man, Andrei Kolesnikov, Robert Orttung, Michael Rochlitz, Regina Smyth, and Andrei Yakovlev) comment on the recent and...
PONARS Eurasia
(Nikkei Asia Review) ALMATY, Kazakhstan -- U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo took advantage of his visit to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan last week to lambast China over its treatment of its Muslim minorities and reliability as a business partner, but was met with a lukewarm response from the two...
PONARS Eurasia
(abc.net.au) Since his election as US President, Donald Trump has actively undermined the standing of the American-led international order. His criticism of long-term allies, of NATO and other important security relationships and openly siding with authoritarian leaders have been significant. But...

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