Policy Memos

The Spread of Violence in Russian Business in the Late 1990s

Policy Memo:


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There is much speculation that Russian business is coming through an age of "wild market" with no well-established rules and conventions shared by entrepreneurs today. In this memo I consider the spread of violence in Russian business and specific relationships of business protection from an empirical viewpoint. I use data collected for two main 1997-1998 surveys: a standardized survey of 227 entrepreneurs and managers from 21 regions of Russia; and semi-standardized interviews with 96 entrepreneurs and managers.

I conducted the surveys with a research team from the Center for Political Technologies in Moscow, which is headed by I. Bunin. The US Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) funded the research. [...]

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