Policy Memos by Debra Javeline

Debra Javeline 11-30-2017

(PONARS Policy Memo) Most reports on Russian civil society focus on government efforts to restrict Western funding to Russian nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) with legislation on foreign agents and undesirable...

Debra Javeline 09-16-2014

Первого сентября 2004 года Россия пережила самый страшный в своей новейшей истории террористический акт: в школе № 1 североосетинского Беслана были взяты в заложники почти 1 200 человек. 53 часа в жажде, голоде, страхе, в душной жаре ожидали люди ужасной концовки:...

Debra Javeline 08-06-2014

On September 1, 2004, Russia experienced its most appalling act of terrorism in recent history: the taking of approximately 1,200 hostages at School No. 1 in Beslan, North Ossetia, where they remained for 53 hours, thirsty, hungry, frightened, and in sweltering heat...

Debra Javeline 07-23-2012

In assessing a country’s commitment to democracy, civil society developments are a key component. An encouraged, or at least unfettered, civil society usually provides evidence of democratic...


About the author

Associate Professor of Political Science
University of Notre Dame