Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 649
Erica Marat 04 May 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) To enforce quarantine measures, some Eurasian cities are relying on smart surveillance technologies initially installed a few years ago to capture criminal and disorderly behavior. Moscow, Nur-Sultan, and Kyiv have been leaders in retooling existing electronic surveillance infrastructure, including facial recognition cameras, to monitor violations of government restrictions on movement amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The...
Policy Memo # 648
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Almost two years have passed since the Velvet Revolution in Armenia. By now, the elite rotation is almost complete. The former ruling party, the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA), does not hold a single seat in the new parliament. It failed to cross the five percent threshold in the post-revolutionary, parliamentary election in December 2018. The senior positions in the executive have been filled by new people. All...
Policy Memo # 647
Farid Guliyev 22 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Does President Vladimir Putin’s move to zero-out his count to presidential term limits replicate the “Ilham Aliyev” scenario of Azerbaijan in 2008-09 as suggested in a recent PONARS Eurasia policy memo? If so, what are the deeper explanations? In both Baku and Moscow, circumvention of term limits is seen as a way to deal with a looming succession crisis. More importantly, in initiating their moves, both incumbents were...
Policy Memo # 646
Regina Smyth, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, Timothy Model, Aiden Klein 20 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The COVID-19 pandemic hit Russia at a precarious moment marked by a global oil war and constitutional reforms intended to secure regime stability beyond 2024. These three crises place significant pressure on the Putin system defined by its focus on statism, international standing, and a power vertical that concentrates power within the national government. As in other federal systems, the Kremlin has responded to the...
Policy Memo # 646
Regina Smyth, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, Timothy Model, Aiden Klein 20 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The COVID-19 pandemic hit Russia at a precarious moment marked by a global oil war and constitutional reforms intended to secure regime stability beyond 2024. These three crises place significant pressure on the Putin system defined by its focus on statism, international standing, and a power vertical that concentrates power within the national government. As in other federal systems, the Kremlin has responded to the...
Policy Memo # 645
Dinissa Duvanova 10 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) In autocratic settings, much of what we know about economic regulation does not explicitly account for the fact that objectives, constraints, and opportunities faced by states, businesses, and bureaucrats are different from those in democracies—even if democratic and authoritarian rulers pursue similar policy objectives. Different political regimes are built on somewhat different configurations of state institutions that...
Policy Memo # 644
Sergiy Kudelia 03 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The sweeping victory of President Volodymyr Zelensky, who ran on the promise of peace, heightened public expectations about a swift end to the armed conflict in Donbas. In early 2020, conflict resolution in eastern Ukraine remains the top issue for 64 percent of Ukrainians and is, by far, more important than any changes in social or economic spheres.[1] The public view of Zelensky’s ability to achieve progress on this...
Policy Memo # 643
Elizabeth Wishnick 01 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) In the United States, President Donald Trump claims to be a wartime president, while denying any responsibility as the country proved unprepared to confront its most serious health emergency in more than a century. American voters will soon have a chance to weigh in on his leadership. In China and Russia, however, we see authoritarian strongmen with an indefinite hold on power taking cover from bad news of the pandemic’s...
Policy Memo # 642
Peter Rutland 26 Mar 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) This month saw the dramatic outbreak of an oil price war launched by Saudi Arabia that caused the price of oil to plunge from $55 to $25 a barrel. While Russia’s $570 billion reserves mean that it can ride out the crisis in the near future, the episode calls into question the argument that Russia is an “energy superpower” whose oil and gas exports boost its international influence. Russia’s policymakers have always wanted...
Policy Memo # 641
Marlene Laruelle, Madeline McCann 24 Mar 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Pandemics are not only a medical and social issue. They also are deeply political—even geopolitical—and feed strong-state efforts to regulate human bodies in a way some refer to as “biopolitics.” COVID-19 promises to fundamentally reshape the way citizens interpret individual and collective safety, as well as the ways in which state structures conceptualize and prepare themselves for major health crises. State measures...

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