Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 59
Alexander Sergounin 01 Apr 1999
Regionalization is a basic characteristic of post-Communist Russia--a contradictory process that both poses challenges to and provides for a federative state. Russia's regionalization does have negative consequences: further disintegration of the single economic, financial and cultural space; degradation of the party system and the rise of interest group politics answering to parochial interests; regionalization and privatization...
Policy Memo # 58
Celeste A. Wallander 01 Apr 1999
Increasingly, discussion of policy options to salvage the disastrous US policy on Kosovo has turned to the prospect of an intervention mission with ground forces. The primary American objection to such a force is based on the problem that the American public does not support such a policy. Should these objections become outweighed by the view that the United States must accept responsibility for stopping the humanitarian disaster it has helped to create...
Policy Memo # 57
Russia's disagreement with the West on the recent crisis in Kosovo and its opposition to NATO's decision to use military force against Serbia were particularly bitter. In trying to explain Russia's opposition to military strikes against Yugoslavia, Western observers have argued that Russia is trying to preserve its great-power status in international conflicts through "residual imperialism." Many also attribute Russia's policy to...
Policy Memo # 56
Nikolai Sokov 01 Mar 1999
The continuing standoff between the Russian government and the IMF threatens the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Dialogue with the Russian government, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program (also known as Nunn-Lugar), sanctions against Russian firms suspected of cooperation with Iran, even an agreement to allow national missile defense all could be invalidated if the Primakov government does not reach an agreement with the IMF. US nuclear non-...
Policy Memo # 55
Astrid Tuminez 01 Nov 1998
In recent remarks delivered at Harvard University, Boris Brevnov, former Chief Executive Officer of Russian energy utility giant Unified Energy Systems (UES), noted that Russia's greatest challenge since 1991 has been learning how to manage its tremendous resources effectively. This comment highlights a critical component of the Russian economic transition process: the management of Russia's privatized or semiprivatized enterprises. This memo...
Policy Memo # 54
Henry Hale 01 Nov 1998
The economic meltdown of 1998 has renewed fears that Russia is doomed to disintegrate like the star-crossed union from which it sprang in 1991. The history of the Soviet collapse and secession movements worldwide suggests several lessons for policymakers monitoring the stability of Russia. If Russia is to break up, the process is likely to be led by those ethnic regions at the highest levels of economic development, least assimilated into Russian culture...
Tags:Russia, Hale
Policy Memo # 53
Douglas Blum 01 Nov 1998
This memo addresses the general prospects for Russia's policy in the Caspian Sea, particularly in light of the ongoing financial crisis and domestic political turmoil. After touching on uncertainties regarding the Caspian's significance as a source of hydrocarbon reserves, I will consider Russia's evolving policy preferences and diplomatic relations, environmental issues, and the broader political context. [...] Read full text (PDF)
Policy Memo # 52
Andrew Kuchins 01 Nov 1998
There is a sharp contrast between how Russia views NATO and issues of European security and how Russia views the US-led security alliances in Asia with Japan (JASA) and Korea (KASA). While NATO expansion has triggered a large Russian diplomatic counter-offensive and a gust of criticism in the Russian press and scholarly publications, efforts to maintain and even revitalize JASA and KASA have been ignored or treated neutrally--even sympathetically. Since...
Policy Memo # 51
James Richter 01 Nov 1998
Most scholars and development professionals agree that a stable democracy requires a strong civil society. For this reason, many assistance agencies rightfully have made promoting civil society a key objective in Russia and other post-communist countries. The task is a daunting one. The experience of enforced activism under the communist regime has left most Russians deeply suspicious of public organizations. The government has not made things easier with...
Policy Memo # 50
Preventing the theft of weapons-usable highly enriched uranium and plutonium in Russia is one of the central security concerns facing the US today. The dissolution of the highly centralized USSR and the resulting societal crisis has endangered Russia's ability to protect its more than 200 metric tons of plutonium and 1000 tons of highly enriched uranium (roughly 8 kg Pu or 25 kg HEU is sufficient to make a bomb). Producing this fissile material is the...