Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 49
Kimberly Marten 01 Nov 1998
In recent years many American investors have targeted direct investments in Russia toward small start-up companies that are spin-offs from old Soviet enterprises. These investments have been encouraged by several US government programs, particularly the provision of political risk insurance by the US Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), and the sharing of business advice and Russian company information by the US Commerce Department. The...
Policy Memo # 48
Celeste A. Wallander 01 Nov 1998
Traditional approaches to international relations lead us to expect that with the loss of the Cold War's stable bipolar system, insecurity and uncertainty will prompt the great powers--Russia among them--to rely on unilateral, competitive security policies which will have the effect of threatening others and increasing the likelihood of conflict. My research on Russian security strategies after the Cold War finds these dire predictions to be...
Policy Memo # 47
Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Nov 1998
While the collapse of Russia's market last summer did not destroy new, partially-formed, post-Soviet political and social institutions, their condition this winter is far from stable. The non-governmental organizations (NGOs) commonly associated with democratic development, such as political parties, independent media, unions, legal reform and civic advocacy groups, are increasingly fragile and potentially as hollow as those once associated with the...
Policy Memo # 46
Michael McFaul 01 Nov 1998
Since the Russian financial collapse in August 1998, critics of US policy toward Russia from both the right and the left have had a heyday asserting that the Clinton Administration got Russia wrong. The refrains are by now familiar: "Clinton became too close to Yeltsin," "The IMF was naive," "the West funded crony capitalism," "US-Russian strategic partnership has produced few tangible results," "Russians are...
Policy Memo # 45
Brian Taylor 01 Nov 1998
The conventional wisdom among both Russian and Western analysts is that the Internal Troops (VV) of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD) have been a bureaucratic Pac-Man since the collapse of the Soviet Union, eating up precious state resources. The MVD's voracious appetite is said to have had a particularly deleterious impact on the Russian Armed Forces, whose financial difficulties are considerable and well-known. Former Minister of...
Policy Memo # 44
Eva Busza 01 Nov 1998
This fall the Yeltsin administration announced a new military reform initiative: the transformation of existing military districts into operational strategic commands. While the proposed system has been adopted in order to strengthen the ability of the armed forces to maintain order on the territory and the borders of the Russian federation, the new system is likely to hinder state consolidation and undermine democratic governance. [...] Read full text (...
Policy Memo # 43
Nikolai Sokov 01 Nov 1998
The recent announcement by vice-premier Yuri Masliukov that Russia would produce 30-40 Topol-M (SS-27) single-warhead ICBMs annually put the finishing touches on Russia's defense policy under the conditions of economic crisis. This statement would have come as a surprise to anyone who expected that nuclear weapons production would be scaled down or even discontinued after August 1998. This seemingly paradoxical policy begs for an explanation. The...
Policy Memo # 42
Henry Hale 01 Nov 1998
Despite the clear progress in Russian democratization at the federal level, the trend appears to be in the opposite direction at the regional level, a movement spearheaded by the Federation's constituent ethnic republics. This trend is likely to continue since Russian central power is weak and because local autocracy gives local leaders greater power on the federal stage since they have greater power to deliver votes in federal races. The...
Tags:Russia, Hale
Policy Memo # 41
Jeffrey Checkel 01 Nov 1998
A casual reader of Western media in Europe and the US, in particular, might be excused for believing that the potential for a new US-Russian Cold War had increased significantly as of mid-September. The catalyst for this change was not geo-political or politico-economic but individual and idiosyncratic: the appointment of Yevgeniy Primakov as Russia's new prime minister. This memo argues that such a portrayal of the situation is seriously flawed:...
Policy Memo # 40
Stephen Hanson 01 Nov 1998
The most recent round of financial and political crises in Russia serve to underscore the growing power shift between the federal government in Moscow and the 89 units that comprise the Russian Federation. What follows is a brief examination of the formal and informal processes through which expanding spheres of political and economic autonomy have devolved to the Russian provinces. While these mechanisms include bilateral negotiations and the signing of...