Policy Memo # 8
Douglas Blum 01 Oct 1997
The known volume of Caspian oil and gas reserves is immense, and new discoveries are reported regularly. With deposits of oil alone totaling perhaps 200 billion tons, the Caspian stands to become the third most important source of international reserves in the coming decade (after the Persian Gulf and Siberia). Yet for Russia the blessings are mixed. Russia's own share of Caspian deposits is marginal; by far the largest deposits fall within the...
Policy Memo # 7
Kimberly Marten 01 Oct 1997
US and NATO soldiers and sailors are making an extremely important contribution to American security interests by doing the unexpected: fraternizing with their counterparts from Russia, a country that may one day pose a new threat to US national security. Policymakers hope that these programs will serve to build personal connections and positive feelings among officers and troops on both sides of the old cold war lines. The most important contribution...
Policy Memo # 6
Matthew Evangelista 01 Oct 1997
Russia's current economic and military weakness should not make anyone complacent about the long-term potential for a resurgent Russian threat to international security. Now is the time for the United States to take the initiative in insuring that as Russia rebuilds its economic capacities it does not channel them into threatening military programs. One way to achieve this goal is by making sure that the United States does not take actions now that...
Policy Memo # 5
Michael McFaul 01 Oct 1997
For two years, opponents of NATO expansion both in Russia and the West have warned that the act of inviting former Warsaw Pact countries into the Western alliance would bolster Russia's opposition forces domestically. The historic Madrid NATO summit came and went, however, without producing any visible reaction in Russian domestic politics. Everyone from neonationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky to neo-liberal Anatoly Chubais opposes NATO expansion in...
Policy Memo # 4
Deborah Yarsike Ball 01 Oct 1997
A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the...
Policy Memo # 3
Boris Jelezov 01 Oct 1997
To some extent, one can say that in Russia now there is no control over military expenditures, neither by civilians nor the military. For five years the government has followed its own budget targets without regard to military requirements. The military command has made unauthorized expenditures without regard to the financial capabilities of a state experiencing a deep economic decline. The president and the parliament play the role of referees whose...
Policy Memo # 2
Brian Taylor 01 Oct 1997
Pavel Grachev, the disgraced and widely despised former Russian defense minister, was fond of asserting that the Russian army is "outside politics." Many Russian and Western observers dismissed Grachev's claim as hyperbole at best, palpable nonsense at worst. Surely the military implicated in the failed August 1991 coup attempt and which shelled the parliament in October 1993 cannot be described as "outside politics?" Yet in a...
Policy Memo # 1
Celeste A. Wallander 01 Aug 1997
Russian foreign policy is increasingly driven by economic factors which rationalize and make it more like that of "normal" countries. Russian foreign and security policy is being "economized" in that international trade and related issues (debt, currency stability, balance of payments, and integration in the world trade system) have become priorities. Even in traditional security arenas such as military capabilities and balances,...
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