Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 20
Astrid S. Tuminez 01 Oct 1997
Nationalism is an ideology that specifies who are members of a putative "nation," describes the nation's self-image relative to other groups, and advocates political actions congruent with a national mission. The story of modern European states is, in large part, a story of nationalism. Using nationalist ideology and employing homogenizing institutions such as the army and public schools, France, Italy, Germany, and others managed to bind...
Policy Memo # 19
Michael Rosenbaum 01 Oct 1997
In this brief memo, I will discuss Russian prospects for a successful relationship with the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the factors behind those prospects. By strengthening bilateral and multilateral trade relationships and by enhancing economic interdependency, successful Russian involvement with the WTO could be an important element of Russian stability within the international economic and security system. The WTO is an organization whose...
Tags:Russia, WTO
Policy Memo # 18
Stephen Hanson 01 Oct 1997
There can be little doubt that open unemployment in the Russian Federation is going to rise dramatically over the next few years. Currently, approximately 10% of the Russian population is out of work--a figure about triple the rate in 1992 at the outset of Yeltsin's market reforms, and comparable to unemployment rates in Western European countries such as France and Germany that are experiencing considerable social unrest about the problem. However,...
Tags:Russia
Policy Memo # 17
Stuart Kaufman 01 Oct 1997
Since the end of the Cold War, analysts have been grasping for a way to characterize and understand the new security situation--both in Europe and in the rest of the world. While there is a shared general sense that "the rules have changed," there is little consensus on how much they have changed, or in what ways. My argument here is that the rules have changed far more than is commonly thought. The central fact of contemporary world politics,...
Policy Memo # 16
Andrei Kortunov 01 Oct 1997
Five years into the brave new world ushered in by the collapse of the Communist system and the dramatic reshuffle of global geopolitics there has emerged a novel paradigm of Russian-American relations. This paradigm is no longer predominantly rooted in adversarial competition of the Cold War period, but neither may it be interpreted in terms of well established partnership and genuine cooperation, notwithstanding occasional official declarations to this...
Policy Memo # 15
Henry Hale 01 Oct 1997
When the words "Russia" and "Near Abroad" emerge in the same sentence, they usually conjure up visions of imperialism and political subversion. In this brief, I argue that Russia has not, in fact, invested much effort into "reintegrating" the former Soviet space. Instead, powerful, market-oriented political forces have consistently led Russia to torpedo nearly every good chance it has had to reunify some of the newly...
Policy Memo # 14
Jeffrey Checkel 01 Oct 1997
Russia's integration with Western institutions is proceeding along several different fronts. US media and policy analysts have emphasized two aspects of this process: the economic (increasingly dense ties between Russian domestic and global markets) and the security (NATO partnership; security cooperation). While perhaps understandable, these foci overlook an equally important element: Russian integration with Western human rights practices and...
Tags:EU, Russia
Policy Memo # 13
James Richter 01 Oct 1997
In February 1997, President Clinton launched the Partnership for Freedom, a new program of bilateral assistance for democracy promotion in Russia and the other NIS countries. This program asks for more funding than in previous years and over a longer period of time than was foreseen in the program authorized by the Freedom Support Act of 1992. This funding reached a high of $1.3 billion for Russia in 1994 and had declined to $95 million in 1997. Under the...
Policy Memo # 12
Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Oct 1997
If American policymakers want to help ensure a democratic future for Eastern Europe, then they should focus on ensuring a democratic future for Russia. If American policymakers see the condition of Eastern European militaries as an important aspect in ensuring this future, then they should view the condition of the Russian military as equally important. As US democracy assistance to Russia moves into its next phase, policymakers should increase efforts...
Policy Memo # 11
Andrew Kuchins 01 Oct 1997
The evolution of Sino-Soviet/Russian relations from an antagonistic militarized stand-off in the early 1980s to a nascent partnership today is an important development in a changing Northeast Asian security environment. In a joint statement emerging from the April 1996 summit between Boris Yeltsin and Jiang Zemin, the Chinese and the Russians announced that they were engaged in building a "strategic partnership." Some eyebrows rose in response,...

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