Policy Memos

Securitization and Identity: The Black Sea Region as a 'Conflict Formation'

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In the 1990s, many studies of regions at Europe’s margins were grounded in a “New Regionalism” approach. This approach focused on a type of intra-regional relations, in which security ranked much lower than economics, environment, communication, or technology. In the Baltic, Nordic, and Barents regions, cooperation was strengthened through policies of conditionality, norms diffusion, and social learning. There were expectations that the most fruitful region-building experiences could be duplicated in other areas, including the Black Sea region (BSR). However, many factors have pushed the BSR in an opposite, much less peaceful, direction. [...]

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About the author

Visiting Professor, Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
University of Tartu, Estonia