Central Asia

Policy Memos | Аналитика
Насильственные протесты в Центральной Азии принимают различные формы, равно как и реакция властей на них. В Казахстане насильственные протесты редки и носят экономический характер, в ответ государство зачастую удовлетворяет требования протестующих. В Узбекистане насильственные протесты также редки и зачастую носят исламскую окраску, а ответной реакцией государства являются репрессии. В Киргизстане и Таджикистане насильственные протесты случаются часто и...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
In the weeks and months after the January 25 Revolution in Egypt, there was hope among commentators and opposition figures that some post-Soviet regimes might be equally susceptible to uprisings and collapse. Such hopes were not entirely fanciful. Like the events of the Arab Spring, the color revolutions in Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan in the early 2000s caught observers off guard. And making confident predictions about the durability of authoritarian...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
For the second time in five years, political events in Kyrgyzstan shook the Central Asia region and caught the international community off-guard. In early April 2010, a few sporadic protests against increases in electricity tariffs quickly mushroomed into a series of anti-government demonstrations that toppled the regime of Kyrgyzstan’s President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Just two months later, during the rule of a weak interim government, ethnic violence...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), comprising China, Russia, and four of the five Central Asian states (excluding Turkmenistan), continues to be a source of fascination and speculation. Western commentators remain divided over the organization’s exact purpose, scope and potential relationship with the West. While some have dismissed the SCO as a “paper tiger,” others have urged transatlantic policymakers to take immediate steps...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
In April 2010, the second president of Kyrgyzstan, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, was ousted from power after bloody clashes between authorities and protesters. He finally settled in Belarus, following the trajectory of his predecessor Askar Akayev, who ended up in Moscow after the Tulip Revolution of 2005. Opposition leaders, most of whom served under both Akayev and Bakiyev, established an “interim government” and promised to develop a system that would...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
Analysts have likened the growing direct state role in Kazakhstan’s petroleum sector since 2002 to a form of resource nationalism that is part of a global trend precipitated by high oil prices. This interpretation has obvious appeal, both in light of earlier periods in which waves of nationalization coincided with oil price booms and the recent so-called re-nationalizations in Bolivia, Venezuela, and elsewhere. However, it is misguided for two...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
This memo explores political Islam in Central Asia from three perspectives: that of (1) U.S. government analysts; (2) Central Asian government leaders; and (3) everyday Central Asian Muslims. Drawing on public statements and field research, I demonstrate that these three perceptions of political Islam in Central Asia differ markedly. U.S. government analysts consistently identify two groups, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and Hizb ut-Tahrir (HT...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
At a closed-door, high-level gathering in Paris in 2008, the United Nations’ special representative to Afghanistan urged ministers from Eurasia, the Middle East, and South Asia to jointly tackle common security challenges and identify achievable projects to assist Afghanistan and improve the security of the broader region. Officials from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan enthusiastically proposed a series of win-win projects and resolved to...

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