Germany

Policy Memos | Аналитика
(PONARS Policy Memo) For Georgia, the enacting of an Association Agreement with the EU in the summer of 2016 was a pivotal moment in cementing its strategic bonds with Europe. The agreement, which lowers trade barriers and promotes democratic reforms, undeniably marks an important course for Georgia’s foreign and security policies. However, even as officials in Tbilisi talk about the irreversible nature of Georgia’s Europeanization,...
(European Neighbourhood Policy) (Co-author: A. Makarychev) The chapter addresses a collision of different policies and strategies initiated, pursued and implemented by EU member states towards Ukraine as a co-host of the UEFA 2012 Cup. Two countries are of particular interest for this study—Poland, as the co-organizer of this mega-event, and Germany, as the most powerful European country that engaged most actively with Ukraine on many policy lines...
(IPG | in German) Der russische Präsident Putin bezeichnete Trump im Dezember 2015 als "schillernden und fähigen Menschen." Donald Trump liegt im Rennen um die Nominierung des Republikanischen Kandidaten für die Präsidentschaftswahlen in den USA nach wie vor aussichtsreich in Führung. Nachdem seine Gegner Mitte März 2016 vergeblich versuchten, sich um einen einzelnen Alternativkandidaten zu scharen, wird Trump höchstwahrscheinlich Kandidat...
Here are three comments on the key political surprise of this fall: the release from jail of Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his move to Germany. Efforts behind the scenes have continued for years. The usual suspects were involved: Schröder, Steinmeyer, Westerwelle, Helmut Schmidt, plus a whole chorus of non-ideology charged experts and diplomats. The release of Khodorkowsky will smooth Russian-German relations, because the ideological campaign of the...
Perhaps the best explanation for the proverbial Russia-centrism in German foreign policy is Berlin's excessive expectations of Russia in recent years. Nowadays, however, Germany faces hard challenges in its policy toward Russia. The challenge lies in dealing with three dissimilar Russias: the Kremlin's officialdom, the anti-Putin opposition, and an emerging nationalistic Russia (which is much lesser known in Europe in comparison with the other two...
(Report) Among European countries Germany has the deepest interest in and traditions of engaging with Russia politically and economically. Almost every week Berlin hosts multiple Russia-focused events that send diverse – though often contradictory – messages to German diplomacy. In this paper I will show how different are the messages addressed to Germany by the anti-Putin opposition and the Kremlin, and what options are available for Germany...
EU-Russia relations, as many in Europe reckon, suffer from a lack of proper communication. This may sound paradoxical in an era of social media connectivity and cross-national mobility, with NGOs facilitating contacts between nations better than states. A German-Polish-Russian “trialogue” seems to be a good case in point. It commenced with a meeting in 2009 in Kaliningrad between Foreign Ministers Westerwelle, Sikorski, and Lavrov. The whole...
The more German experts discuss the recent Bundestag election, the more paradoxes they unveil. For example, many note that Germany has become more Euro-sceptic even though they predict that the new government will stick to timeworn policies. Few see serious changes in Germany's attitude toward Eastern Europe and Russia. Perhaps "Muddling through" is the most popular description of Germany's near-future course. Martin Schultz, president...

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