Ivan KurillaIvan Kurilla
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) After two decades of (official) American neglect of Russian/Soviet sufferings during World War II, President John Kennedy, in his 1963 address at American University, recollected that “no nation in the history of battle ever suffered more than the Soviet Union in the...
PONARS Eurasia
(Newsweek) An election expert in Russia has cried foul over the vote on constitutional amendments which may cement President Vladimir Putin's hold on power until 2036. The ballot which ended on Wednesday, saw nearly 78 percent of voters back the amendments to update the Russian Constitution which...
Timothy Frye
(Monkey Cage) Russia’s constitution, at least before this week’s referendum, would have required Vladimir Putin to step down from the Russian presidency in 2024, at the end of his second consecutive six-year term. Observers had long wondered: Would he stay or would he go? Voters in Russia answered...
Henry Hale
(Monkey Cage) Russians vote today on constitutional amendments that would allow President Vladimir Putin to remain in office until the year 2036, thanks to changes to Russia’s presidential term limits. Putin recently justified these reforms as necessary to prevent a disruptive succession struggle....
Robert Orttung
(Berghahn Books) Urban Sustainability in the Arctic advances our understanding of cities in the far north by applying elements of the international standard for urban sustainability (ISO 37120) to numerous Arctic cities. In delivering rich material about northern cities in Alaska, Canada, and...
Pavel Baev
(EDM) As the tanks rolled off Moscow’s Red Square last Wednesday (June 24), the Russian propaganda machine instantly switched from glorifying extra-modern militarism to trumpeting the next pivotal political event—the public vote on the package of amendments to the constitution, which began on June...
Marlene LaruelleDylan Royce
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Kazakhstan is known as one of the countries most loyal to Russia—even more so, in many respects, than Belarus. Nur-Sultan (formerly Astana) indulges Moscow less often than Minsk in rigorous bargaining games. Still, since the Ukraine crisis and the formation of the...
PONARS Eurasia
(Euronews) Russia is set to hold a July 1 referendum that could see President Vladimir Putin stay in power until 2036. The vote will be over whether to accept constitution changes that would allow Putin to run for another two presidential terms. The proposed changes to the country's 1993...
Robert Orttung
(RAD) Abstract: Although current political tensions hinder international studies in the Arctic, science partnerships helped tunnel through barriers during the Cold War. One of the most successful models of U.S.–Russian collaboration was the “Environmental Bilateral” agreement of 1972. During an era...
Mikhail AlexseevMikhail Alexseev
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) With the spread of COVID-19 to Europe, policy patterns in the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics (DNR/LNR) indicate that these “separatist entities,” which Moscow engineered in 2014 to crush Ukraine’s EU and NATO aspirations, have increasingly pushed for joining...

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