Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 683
Polina Sinovets 21 Dec 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Since its annexation of Crimea, Russia has not deviated from its coercive military behavior, displaying its military might again and again. The substance of its military exercises, however, appears to have evolved. Last October, the Grom-2019 military training simulated Russian involvement in a global nuclear war and resurrected the “nuclear card” in Russian military rhetoric. This year’s January Black Sea exercises support...
Policy Memo # 682
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Since the turn of the century, the idea of the Russian Far Eastern regions’ economic rise through cooperation with East Asian countries has been a persistent element of Russian political leadership rhetoric. Until very recently, however, this rhetoric did not fully correspond to Russia’s domestic and foreign policy actions. Russia’s economic cooperation with East Asian countries (except China) remained relatively low as...
Policy Memo # 681
Ceyhun Mahmudlu 14 Dec 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The Azerbaijani authoritarian regime tends to view any independent group as a threat that needs to be marginalized, if not suppressed. This works for secular civil society organizations as well as for so-called non-traditional Islamic groups, all of which are seen as leading factors that significantly endanger the regime’s stability and legitimacy. To this aim, the authorities are continuously developing and expanding their...
Policy Memo # 680
Nona Shahnazarian, Anita Khachaturova 11 Dec 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) On November 10, a Russian-enforced ceasefire finally put an end to forty-five days of intense fighting between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces over the Nagorno-Karabakh enclave that has been under the control of Armenian forces since 1994. The deal signed by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia sealed a historic defeat for Armenia, which lost the greatest portion of the lands it had conquered in 1994, including the southern region...
Policy Memo # 679
Robert Orttung 07 Dec 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) In addition to the obvious healthcare and economic challenges that COVID-19 presents to city governments in the Arctic region, it is also a communications and governance crisis. Accomplishing any task in Arctic cities is particularly complicated due to the specific conditions of the region. In particular, Arctic populations must contend with sheer remoteness, extreme cold, a rapidly changing climate, insufficient medical and...
Policy Memo # 678
Mikhail Troitskiy 28 Nov 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Since the end of World War II, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union, subsequently Russia, have been one of the major factors defining the global security environment. In such circumstances, arms control has always been a key activity providing Washington and Moscow a common cause and a reason to engage in negotiation. Understanding the motive forces behind U.S.-Russian arms control arrangements may...
Policy Memo # 677
Margarita Zavadskaya, Boris Sokolov 24 Nov 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has left noticeable traces in everyday life of Russian society. Eighty percent of Russians had to alter their lifestyles due to the virus, with half reporting that their incomes shrank, and this share keeps growing. Has the pandemic also affected how Russian citizens feel about their government? To explore how the pandemic has affected political support in Russia, we analyzed data from a...
Policy Memo # 676
Olga Iakimova 19 Nov 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) After nearly seven decades of official atheism, it took twenty years for Russia to introduce religious education in public schools. This decision was extremely controversial at the time and remains quite polarizing now. Since 2012, a mandatory course on world religions and secular ethics has become part of the fourth-grade curriculum in all Russian public schools. At the time, it was an extension of the worthwhile Toledo...
Policy Memo # 675
Adam Stulberg, Jonathan Darsey 09 Nov 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) These days there is much ado about the international security consequences of the slumping U.S. nuclear industry. With cheaper natural gas and the declining cost of renewables, the industry faces strong headwinds just as Russia’s commercial nuclear sector is emerging as a dominant global player by offering concessionary state-backed integrated deals that are large, inexpensive, and long-lived. While there is debate on how...
Policy Memo # 674
Zachary Paikin 09 Nov 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The events of recent years are less representative of a shift in Russian strategy than they are of the fragmentation of the international order. The end of the Cold War brought with it a Western-led attempt to render the liberal international order synonymous with international order writ large. The return of great power rivalry indicates that this project has failed. Emerging in its wake is a struggle over the contours of the...

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