Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 88
Randall Stone 01 Oct 1999
What can we learn about Russia by comparing it to the other post-Communist countries? In particular, what can we learn about the wisdom of applying the brand of economic reform promoted by the International Monetary Fund, and supported by US foreign policy? [...]   Read full text (PDF)
Policy Memo # 87
Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Oct 1999
Little is known--although much is believed--about the impact of democracy assistance on institutional development in Eastern Europe and Eurasia, carried out on a transnational level by Western non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with local political and social activists. A recently completed three year study at Columbia University was designed to address this gap. Its findings--that the impact has been decidedly mixed and that NGO strategies should be...
Policy Memo # 86
Mark Kramer 01 Oct 1999
For the past nine years, the United States has provided large amounts of free and highly subsidized food to Russia. Some of this aid has come in the form of direct governmentto-government assistance; other supplies have been given to private (or nominally private) distributors and processors in Russia. The program has been strongly backed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), whose chief mission abroad is to promote US farm exports. The program also...
Policy Memo # 85
Yoshiko Herrera 01 Oct 1999
What does the Russian experience with reform teach us about transitions from state to market-based economies? Several scholars have argued that the reform program upon which Russia embarked in late 1991 was itself sound, but the problem was that the reforms were not implemented quickly or comprehensively enough--the medical advice was appropriate, but the patient, alas, was too incompetent or weak-willed to follow the advice of the doctors and take the...
Policy Memo # 84
Alexander Sergounin 01 Oct 1999
With the breakup of the Soviet Union and the decline of Russian military and economic power, Moscow lost much of its former influence in the Asia-Pacific region (APR). Many regional actors feel that Russia currently does not have much to offer to other Asia-Pacific countries. However, this does not mean that Russia has lost interest in the APR, nor agreed to the role of a sidelined player. On the contrary, Russian strategic planners view the Asia-Pacific...
Policy Memo # 83
Mikhail Rykhtik 01 Oct 1999
Concerns about security among the Russian people have peaked at levels not seen since the disintegration of the USSR. Today it is obvious that security issues will become very popular among candidates during election campaigns for the State Duma and the presidency in 1999 and 2000, respectively. Why is this the case? For the first time in contemporary Russian history, ordinary people feel threatened. Politicians have already adopted rhetoric advocating...
Policy Memo # 82
Arkady Moshes 01 Oct 1999
At the moment, the dynamics of Russian-Ukrainian relations are defined by two sets of contradictory trends. On the one hand, Russia and Ukraine are obviously drifting apart. On the other hand, the centrifugal process has its limits, making a "final divorce" impossible for the foreseeable future. [...] Read full text (PDF)
Policy Memo # 81
Theodore Hopf 01 Oct 1999
It is reasonable to expect that NATO's war against Yugoslavia would produce obvious effects on Russian foreign policy. NATO's actions against Belgrade should have heightened Moscow's suspicion of the West--NATO and the United States in particular. Some might even argue that it has convinced Moscow that its worst fears about NATO expansion were true: it is a military alliance directed by the United States against Russia and its allies. Such...
Policy Memo # 80
Jeffrey Checkel 01 Oct 1999
The US government, American foundations, and international agencies have devoted significant sums over the past decade to promoting the activities of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Russia and other former Soviet states. Has this money been wasted? After all, Russian NGOs are often disorganized and quarrel among themselves. Moreover, the goal of some is to seek personal gain and career advancement, rather than to build the social networks that...
Policy Memo # 79
Vadim Volkov 01 Oct 1999
The inability of the Russian state to enforce property rights and protect private entrepreneurs has been a major obstacle to economic growth. As the state became weak and lost its grip on justice and enforcement, alternative agencies emerged and took over these functions. But the competition between various criminal, private, and quasi-state agencies that offer protection and enforcement services has proven economically inefficient. Nor has it improved...