Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 73
Vladimir Gelman 01 Oct 1999
The ongoing cycle of Russia's national elections--parliamentary elections scheduled for December 19, 1999, and presidential elections, which should be held July 9, 2000 according to the constitution- represent a threshold in Russia's electoral politics. They draw a line between the uncertain period of post-communist transition and the formation (if not consolidation) of a new political regime. This new regime could be either a liberal democracy or...
Policy Memo # 72
Bear Braumoeller 01 Oct 1999
The fact that the Russian Duma is not an institution designed to encourage small political parties will come as a surprise to no one, with the possible exception of the leaders of small Russian political parties. No fewer than 43 parties contended on the proportional representation (PR) ballot in the 1995 State Duma elections; 39 of them failed to clear the 5% hurdle necessary to secure any representation at all. As a result, the remaining four parties...
Policy Memo # 71
Kimberly Marten 01 Oct 1999
How can we best understand the ambiguous relationship between the United States and Russia in the United Nations today? On the one hand, their debates and disagreements are heated, and the two sides' definitions of their own national interests are often incompatible. Yet meetings of the UN Security Council (UNSC) are held almost daily, the meetings often focus on very sensitive issues, and the use of the veto by either country remains rare. This...
Policy Memo # 70
Celeste A. Wallander 01 Oct 1999
Other than coining of clever titles and claiming something new, is there any value to asking whether Russian-US relations are entering a post-post-Cold War world? I think so, because we have to understand that we have a different Russia in 1999 and the legacy of nearly a decade of relations, with both positive and very negative effects. Furthermore, it is important to understand what was right in Western policy, what was wrong, and why. This enables us to...
Policy Memo # 69
Michael McFaul 01 Oct 1999
According to conventional wisdom, the United States "lost" Russia in the 1990s. This assessment can be found on the pages of The Nation, The Washington Times, The New York Times magazine, or foreign policy issue papers prepared for presidential candidate George W. Bush. These attacks fall into two contradictory categories. One school holds that the policies pursued by the United States over the last decade have failed to establish capitalism and...
Policy Memo # 68
Douglas Blum 01 Oct 1999
This memo deals with globalization and its implications for US policy toward Russia. Accordingly, the first order of business is a brief working definition. As used here globalization has three major components: 1) openness (political-institutional and infrastructural); 2) flows (of capital, people, goods, information and ideas); and 3) convergence (or homogenization) in terms of technical harmonization, social organization, popular culture, and norms (...
Policy Memo # 66
Vadim Radaev 01 Aug 1999
There is much speculation that Russian business is coming through an age of "wild market" with no well-established rules and conventions shared by entrepreneurs today. In this memo I consider the spread of violence in Russian business and specific relationships of business protection from an empirical viewpoint. I use data collected for two main 1997-1998 surveys: a standardized survey of 227 entrepreneurs and managers from 21 regions of Russia...
Policy Memo # 65
Eva Busza 01 Jun 1999
The Russian military's attempt to shape the Kosovo peace settlement through its move into Pristina should not have come as such a shock to Western diplomats. It is only the most recent example of a disturbing and pervasive trend in Russia: the civilian leadership's inability to control and govern its increasingly weak, fragmented and frustrated military. This action took the West by surprise because policymakers have grown to expect passivity...
Policy Memo # 64
Eduard Ponarin 01 Jun 1999
Western policymakers and their scholarly advisers seem to focus primarily on the oligarchical interests of the Russian elite rather than on long-range societal processes. This memo is an attempt to assess the potential of ideational sources of Russian interests from a broader sociological perspective. It is important to understand that the search for a Russian national identity is not merely driven by cynical elites, but arises from a genuine need within...