Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 12
Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Oct 1997
If American policymakers want to help ensure a democratic future for Eastern Europe, then they should focus on ensuring a democratic future for Russia. If American policymakers see the condition of Eastern European militaries as an important aspect in ensuring this future, then they should view the condition of the Russian military as equally important. As US democracy assistance to Russia moves into its next phase, policymakers should increase efforts...
Policy Memo # 11
Andrew Kuchins 01 Oct 1997
The evolution of Sino-Soviet/Russian relations from an antagonistic militarized stand-off in the early 1980s to a nascent partnership today is an important development in a changing Northeast Asian security environment. In a joint statement emerging from the April 1996 summit between Boris Yeltsin and Jiang Zemin, the Chinese and the Russians announced that they were engaged in building a "strategic partnership." Some eyebrows rose in response,...
Policy Memo # 10
Mark Kramer 01 Oct 1997
As a small Russian exclave some 300 kilometers away from the bulk of the Russian Federation, Kaliningrad Oblast is rarely mentioned in discussions of NATO expansion. (Kaliningrad is the Russian name of the city and oblast , or province. In German, the city now called Kaliningrad was long known as Königsberg; in Polish it was Królewiec; and in Lithuanian Karaliaucius. The Russian name will be used here except when referring to the pre-1946 period.) [...]...
Policy Memo # 9
Fiona Hill 01 Oct 1997
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia's international integration has been complicated by both its economic weakness and its unpredictable foreign policy. In 1996-97, as a result of the size of the potential revenues from the oil and gas sectors and the need to boost the economy, these issues have dominated Russian foreign policy, increasingly bringing Russia into direct competition with the United States. This is particularly evident in...
Policy Memo # 8
Douglas Blum 01 Oct 1997
The known volume of Caspian oil and gas reserves is immense, and new discoveries are reported regularly. With deposits of oil alone totaling perhaps 200 billion tons, the Caspian stands to become the third most important source of international reserves in the coming decade (after the Persian Gulf and Siberia). Yet for Russia the blessings are mixed. Russia's own share of Caspian deposits is marginal; by far the largest deposits fall within the...
Policy Memo # 7
Kimberly Marten 01 Oct 1997
US and NATO soldiers and sailors are making an extremely important contribution to American security interests by doing the unexpected: fraternizing with their counterparts from Russia, a country that may one day pose a new threat to US national security. Policymakers hope that these programs will serve to build personal connections and positive feelings among officers and troops on both sides of the old cold war lines. The most important contribution...
Policy Memo # 6
Matthew Evangelista 01 Oct 1997
Russia's current economic and military weakness should not make anyone complacent about the long-term potential for a resurgent Russian threat to international security. Now is the time for the United States to take the initiative in insuring that as Russia rebuilds its economic capacities it does not channel them into threatening military programs. One way to achieve this goal is by making sure that the United States does not take actions now that...
Policy Memo # 5
Michael McFaul 01 Oct 1997
For two years, opponents of NATO expansion both in Russia and the West have warned that the act of inviting former Warsaw Pact countries into the Western alliance would bolster Russia's opposition forces domestically. The historic Madrid NATO summit came and went, however, without producing any visible reaction in Russian domestic politics. Everyone from neonationalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky to neo-liberal Anatoly Chubais opposes NATO expansion in...
Policy Memo # 4
A key issue in the study of civil-military relations has been how to create a military sufficiently strong to ensure security from external threats while simultaneously preventing the military from using its preponderance of power in the domestic arena. This dilemma arises from the fear engendered by a large armed force created to combat foreign threats, but which is also inherently a threat to the society that created it. In Russia, however, the...
Tags:Russia, Ball
Policy Memo # 3
Boris Jelezov 01 Oct 1997
To some extent, one can say that in Russia now there is no control over military expenditures, neither by civilians nor the military. For five years the government has followed its own budget targets without regard to military requirements. The military command has made unauthorized expenditures without regard to the financial capabilities of a state experiencing a deep economic decline. The president and the parliament play the role of referees whose...
Tags:Russia

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