Kramer

Policy Memos | Аналитика
Website Editor 24 Oct 2012
Три страны Балтии - Эстония, Латвия и Литва—прошли сквозь многие испытания за полвека с 1939 по 1991: первоначальную советскую оккупацию, массовую депортацию в ГУЛАГ в 1941, немецкую оккупацию и военные разрушения, уничтожение сообществ балтийских евреев в Холокосте, возвращение советской оккупации и очередную аннексию в конце Второй мировой войны, свирепые операции против повстанцев и новые волны массовой депортации в конце 1940-х, а также...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
For more than 40 years, negotiators from Moscow and Washington have engaged in countless meetings about strategic arms control. Several bilateral agreements resulted from these talks during the Cold War, and several more have been achieved in the post-Cold War era, most recently in April 2010. Even though the net value of all of these agreements is open to doubt, there was at least some rationale for holding strategic arms control negotiations during the...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
Suicide terrorist bombings have been a frequent phenomenon in Russia over the past decade. The large majority of these attacks have occurred in the North Caucasus—particularly Chechnya, Dagestan, and Ingushetia—but many such bombings have also been perpetrated in Moscow, including the powerful explosion inside the international arrivals hall of Domodedovo Airport in January 2011 that killed 37 people and wounded some 180. What lies behind...
Tags: Russia, Kramer
Policy Memos | Аналитика
The dénouement of Ukraine’s presidential election in January-February 2010 was as raucous as the campaign. Appearing at a victory rally on election night, Viktor Yanukovych spoke to his supporters only in Russian, even as he claimed to be grateful to “all Ukrainians.” In subsequent days, the defeated candidate, Yulia Tymoshenko, refused to accept the outcome even though all international election monitors reported that the election had...
Tags: Ukraine, Kramer
Policy Memos | Аналитика
The decision by leaders of the armed separatist movement in Chechnya in the late 1990s to embrace a radical Islamic agenda raised concerns that Islamic terrorist groups would seek to establish strongholds and recruit followers among the large Muslim populations in the former USSR and, specifically, the North Caucasus and Central Asia (especially Tajikistan and Uzbekistan). This memo focuses on two related but distinct questions: What is the likelihood...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
Over the past few years the various forms of warfare in Chechnya, including guerrilla operations against Russian federal forces, suicide bombings and assassinations directed against the pro-Russian Chechen government, and terrorist attacks against civilians have spread increasingly to other parts of the North Caucasus. This trend was highlighted by the attacks on October 13, 2005, in Nalchik, the capital of Kabardino-Balkaria. Dozens of local guerrillas...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
A year ago, the prospects for stability in the North Caucasus appeared dim at best. Violent clashes, bombings, and terrorist attacks in Chechnya remained common and continued to produce bloodshed, misery, and destruction. Even more troubling was the accelerated spread of extremist violence and sociopolitical instability from Chechnya into neighboring Dagestan and Ingushetia, where bombings, assassinations, and other terrorist attacks became a daily...
Policy Memos | Аналитика
A lengthy study issued by the U.S. Defense Department in March 2006 has sparked allegations that Russian officials helped Saddam Hussein defend against the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq three years earlier. The report cites Iraqi documents from March 2003 containing information allegedly provided by Russian diplomats and intelligence officers. The day after the report was released, a spokesman for the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) heatedly denied...

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