Mining for Trouble: The Resources at Stake in the China-India Border Dispute

05 Oct 2020

(China's Resource Risks) What is at stake in the recent Sino-Indian border clashes? Competing efforts to build roads, exploit mineral deposits, and secure water resources are an important backstory to the recent escalation of tensions between two of Asia's nuclear powers.

On June 15, 2020, with the world distracted by the COVID-19 pandemic, China and India entered into a new confrontational phase of the tense standoff along their undefined 2,100 mile (3,380 km) border, known as the line of control (LOC). There were twenty Indian casualties from hand-to-hand combat in the Galwan Valley in Ladakh, the first deaths in a confrontation between the two neighbors since 1975. The Chinese Foreign Ministry admitted to some limited casualties but declined to report their number. The two countries fought a brief border war in 1962, after which China acquired Aksai Chin, the locus of the June clashes, which India claims as a part of Jammu and Kashmir. [...]

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