Permissions & Citation Guidelines




Content by PONARS Eurasia may be re-distributed for Fair Use (non-commercial) purposes with credit provided to PONARS Eurasia and the author(s) and with a hyperlink/URL pointing to the original content page on this website.



Suggested Citation Style for Policy Memos


2010-present (Policy Memos No. 89-present):

Example: Juliet Johnson and Benjamin Forest, "Waving the EU Flag in Eurasia," PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 590, George Washington University, April 2019.


2008-2009 (Policy Memos No. 1-88):

Example: Sufian Zhemukhov, "Circassian World: Responses to New Challenges," PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 54, December 2008.

1997-2007 (Policy Memos No. 1-432):

Example: Alla Kassianova, "Russian Weapons Sales to Iran: Why They Are Unlikely to Stop," PONARS Policy Memo No. 427, December 2006.