In Eurasian energy politics, the relations between regional powers are as central as their relations with global powers. Few are of more consequence than the relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan. Given past price disputes, inconclusive negotiations on the Nabucco gas pipeline project, and, most recently, the June 2012 Trans-Anatolian pipeline (TANAP) agreement, Turkish-Azerbaijani energy relations have proceeded with ups and downs. However, since late 2011, they have begun to gain momentum anew.
Turkey’s energy relations with Azerbaijan have become increasingly important, as Turkey has been trying to diversify its energy resources in terms of both energy type and country of origin. It has also been struggling to be an energy bridge between major oil and gas resources of Eurasia and energy-thirsty Europe. […]