(Hollings Center report) (in English and Russian/на русском) The political upheavals in the Middle East have shifted the foreign policy landscape in the region. States like Turkey, Qatar and Saudi Arabia are implementing assertive foreign policies in a region that was arguably dominated for decades by U.S. foreign policy. What comparative advantages do aspiring regional powers have? Will they compete with one another for influence? Is the role of the United States in the Middle East waning relative to Turkey and Gulf States? Are there any lessons to be learned from Central Asia, where the United States, Russia and China have vied for influence for over a decade?