The parliamentary elections on November 28 were important for Moldova because voters had to choose between the future and the past—between a Western/EU approach or a plunge back into the Eurasian system through a stronger relationship with Russia. Moldova’s citizens mobilized, understanding the importance of the elections, with the OSCE calling the elections fair ("These elections reflected the will of the people.”). Unfortunately, the election results were not promising and do not guarantee political stability for the Republic of Moldova. The results were similar with the outcome of the 2009 July elections, when no political party was able attract the sufficient number of parliamentary votes required to elect a president. The 2010 elections proved that Moldovan society is still dispersed between old and young generations. The old generation is nostalgic for past times and remains loyal to the communist party, which seems to be their only lever to regain the stability of old Soviet times. The young generation precepts an Occident future and opts for an European country. With the new parliament, it is difficult to predict how things will develop but it is obvious that the first major step is the creation of one coalition. The leaders must be rational. Maintaining the Alliance for European Integration would be the best variant for Moldova because democratic reforms and a pro-Western orientation would continue. The Alliance can be currently formed by PLDM (Liberal Democratic Party), PD (Democratic Party), and the PL (Liberal Party) to counteract, once again, the Communist Party, which won the snap election in 2009 and also won the most seats in this election. Such a scenario would be well greeted by Western institutions. However, the current coalition does not have sufficient votes to elect the president, which is why the short-term task of the leaders of the Alliance is to find votes among the communist deputies, which will prove difficult. Any other coalition within the framework of the new parliament is difficult to imagine. A coalition of the Communists with the PLDM is an impossibility because of a contradiction in values; a coalition of the Communists with the PD is unrealistic because they would not agree on a president. Time will tell if the country’s politicians have grown up after 20 years. They need to deliver a president and other important executive and legislative solutions on behalf of the citizens who voted them into the civil service. –Ludmila Coada, Visiting Fulbright Scholar, Institute for European, Russian, and Eurasian Studies, The George Washington University
Facts and figures: Elections were held on November 28, 2010. Electoral candidates: 39 (20 political parties and 19 independent candidates). Voter turnout: 59.10% (of the country's 2.6 million eligible voters). Election results: Four political parties enter the new parliament: the Communist Party won the largest number of seats: 42; the Liberal Democratic Party: 32 seats; the Democratic Party: 15 seats, and the Liberal Party: 12 seats.