Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 652
Ivan Gomza 18 May 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) When compared to other post-Soviet countries, Ukraine seems to have responded to the COVID-19 challenge quite well. However, this might be an illusion. There has been massive underreporting and the disease initially struck sparsely populated rural areas, leading many citizens to perceive that isolation measures are an unnecessary threat to their livelihood. But now, the virus is no longer contained in the countryside and it...
Policy Memo # 651
Stephen Crowley 14 May 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) In seeking new sources of economic growth and a path leading out of the “middle-income trap,” Aleksei Kudrin, chairman of the parliamentary Accounts Chamber, has pushed for the government to inject resources into a handful of potentially Russian “global cities.” He contends that cities are the engines of growth in a globalized capitalist system. Superstar or global cities, as many have argued, such as New York, London, or...
Policy Memo # 650
Paul Goode 04 May 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Russia’s response to the current pandemic highlights its aspirations to become a world leader in facial recognition and artificial intelligence (AI). The adoption of self-isolation and digital pass regimes provides opportunities to showcase the country’s growing network of “safe city” programs with video surveillance for crowd and traffic control, which in some cities includes facial and vehicle recognition capabilities....
Policy Memo # 649
Erica Marat 04 May 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) To enforce quarantine measures, some Eurasian cities are relying on smart surveillance technologies initially installed a few years ago to capture criminal and disorderly behavior. Moscow, Nur-Sultan, and Kyiv have been leaders in retooling existing electronic surveillance infrastructure, including facial recognition cameras, to monitor violations of government restrictions on movement amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The...
Policy Memo # 648
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Almost two years have passed since the Velvet Revolution in Armenia. By now, the elite rotation is almost complete. The former ruling party, the Republican Party of Armenia (RPA), does not hold a single seat in the new parliament. It failed to cross the five percent threshold in the post-revolutionary, parliamentary election in December 2018. The senior positions in the executive have been filled by new people. All...
Policy Memo # 647
Farid Guliyev 22 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) Does President Vladimir Putin’s move to zero-out his count to presidential term limits replicate the “Ilham Aliyev” scenario of Azerbaijan in 2008-09 as suggested in a recent PONARS Eurasia policy memo? If so, what are the deeper explanations? In both Baku and Moscow, circumvention of term limits is seen as a way to deal with a looming succession crisis. More importantly, in initiating their moves, both incumbents were...
Policy Memo # 646
Regina Smyth, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, Timothy Model, Aiden Klein 20 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The COVID-19 pandemic hit Russia at a precarious moment marked by a global oil war and constitutional reforms intended to secure regime stability beyond 2024. These three crises place significant pressure on the Putin system defined by its focus on statism, international standing, and a power vertical that concentrates power within the national government. As in other federal systems, the Kremlin has responded to the...
Policy Memo # 646
Regina Smyth, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova, Timothy Model, Aiden Klein 20 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The COVID-19 pandemic hit Russia at a precarious moment marked by a global oil war and constitutional reforms intended to secure regime stability beyond 2024. These three crises place significant pressure on the Putin system defined by its focus on statism, international standing, and a power vertical that concentrates power within the national government. As in other federal systems, the Kremlin has responded to the...
Policy Memo # 645
Dinissa Duvanova 10 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) In autocratic settings, much of what we know about economic regulation does not explicitly account for the fact that objectives, constraints, and opportunities faced by states, businesses, and bureaucrats are different from those in democracies—even if democratic and authoritarian rulers pursue similar policy objectives. Different political regimes are built on somewhat different configurations of state institutions that...
Policy Memo # 644
Sergiy Kudelia 03 Apr 2020
(PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo) The sweeping victory of President Volodymyr Zelensky, who ran on the promise of peace, heightened public expectations about a swift end to the armed conflict in Donbas. In early 2020, conflict resolution in eastern Ukraine remains the top issue for 64 percent of Ukrainians and is, by far, more important than any changes in social or economic spheres.[1] The public view of Zelensky’s ability to achieve progress on this...

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