Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 62
Celeste A. Wallander 01 May 1999
  On the 6th of May five members of the Program on New Approaches to Russian Security (PONARS) discussed Russian views on Kosovo for a panel at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. The panel was co-sponsored by PONARS, the Strengthening Democrat Institutions Project, and the Shorenstein Center on the Press, Politics and Public Policy. Marvin Kalb of the Shorenstein Center chaired the session, which began...
Policy Memo # 61
The Russian military is gaining influence within Russia as a result of NATO involvement in Kosovo. The crisis is providing a pretext for the military to increase its leverage over politicians and successfully lobby for what it wants. If the Kosovo crisis is short-lived, Russia will return to "politics as usual." The longer the war drags on, however, the greater will be the military's leverage, particularly since Russia is...
Policy Memo # 60
Astrid Tuminez 01 Apr 1999
In 1877-1878, Russia fought a war against Turkey to help its Slav allies, especially Serbia, throw off the yoke of the Ottoman empire. Russia went to war at a time when it was militarily weak, internally divided, and diplomatically isolated, and despite an official policy that emphasized retrenchment in order for Russian policymakers to concentrate their energy and resources on military, economic, and political reform under Russia...
Policy Memo # 59
Alexander Sergounin 01 Apr 1999
Regionalization is a basic characteristic of post-Communist Russia--a contradictory process that both poses challenges to and provides for a federative state. Russia's regionalization does have negative consequences: further disintegration of the single economic, financial and cultural space; degradation of the party system and the rise of interest group politics answering to parochial interests; regionalization and privatization...
Policy Memo # 58
Celeste A. Wallander 01 Apr 1999
Increasingly, discussion of policy options to salvage the disastrous US policy on Kosovo has turned to the prospect of an intervention mission with ground forces. The primary American objection to such a force is based on the problem that the American public does not support such a policy. Should these objections become outweighed by the view that the United States must accept responsibility for stopping the humanitarian disaster it has helped to create...
Policy Memo # 57
Russia's disagreement with the West on the recent crisis in Kosovo and its opposition to NATO's decision to use military force against Serbia were particularly bitter. In trying to explain Russia's opposition to military strikes against Yugoslavia, Western observers have argued that Russia is trying to preserve its great-power status in international conflicts through "residual imperialism." Many also attribute Russia's policy to...
Policy Memo # 56
Nikolai Sokov 01 Mar 1999
The continuing standoff between the Russian government and the IMF threatens the nuclear non-proliferation regime. Dialogue with the Russian government, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program (also known as Nunn-Lugar), sanctions against Russian firms suspected of cooperation with Iran, even an agreement to allow national missile defense all could be invalidated if the Primakov government does not reach an agreement with the IMF. US nuclear non-...
Policy Memo # 55
Astrid Tuminez 01 Nov 1998
In recent remarks delivered at Harvard University, Boris Brevnov, former Chief Executive Officer of Russian energy utility giant Unified Energy Systems (UES), noted that Russia's greatest challenge since 1991 has been learning how to manage its tremendous resources effectively. This comment highlights a critical component of the Russian economic transition process: the management of Russia's privatized or semiprivatized enterprises. This memo...
Policy Memo # 54
Henry Hale 01 Nov 1998
The economic meltdown of 1998 has renewed fears that Russia is doomed to disintegrate like the star-crossed union from which it sprang in 1991. The history of the Soviet collapse and secession movements worldwide suggests several lessons for policymakers monitoring the stability of Russia. If Russia is to break up, the process is likely to be led by those ethnic regions at the highest levels of economic development, least assimilated into Russian culture...
Tags:Russia, Hale
Policy Memo # 53
Douglas Blum 01 Nov 1998
This memo addresses the general prospects for Russia's policy in the Caspian Sea, particularly in light of the ongoing financial crisis and domestic political turmoil. After touching on uncertainties regarding the Caspian's significance as a source of hydrocarbon reserves, I will consider Russia's evolving policy preferences and diplomatic relations, environmental issues, and the broader political context. [...] Read full text (PDF)