Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 16
Andrei Kortunov 01 Oct 1997
Five years into the brave new world ushered in by the collapse of the Communist system and the dramatic reshuffle of global geopolitics there has emerged a novel paradigm of Russian-American relations. This paradigm is no longer predominantly rooted in adversarial competition of the Cold War period, but neither may it be interpreted in terms of well established partnership and genuine cooperation, notwithstanding occasional official declarations to this...
Policy Memo # 15
Henry Hale 01 Oct 1997
When the words "Russia" and "Near Abroad" emerge in the same sentence, they usually conjure up visions of imperialism and political subversion. In this brief, I argue that Russia has not, in fact, invested much effort into "reintegrating" the former Soviet space. Instead, powerful, market-oriented political forces have consistently led Russia to torpedo nearly every good chance it has had to reunify some of the newly...
Policy Memo # 14
Jeffrey Checkel 01 Oct 1997
Russia's integration with Western institutions is proceeding along several different fronts. US media and policy analysts have emphasized two aspects of this process: the economic (increasingly dense ties between Russian domestic and global markets) and the security (NATO partnership; security cooperation). While perhaps understandable, these foci overlook an equally important element: Russian integration with Western human rights practices and...
Tags:EU, Russia
Policy Memo # 13
James Richter 01 Oct 1997
In February 1997, President Clinton launched the Partnership for Freedom, a new program of bilateral assistance for democracy promotion in Russia and the other NIS countries. This program asks for more funding than in previous years and over a longer period of time than was foreseen in the program authorized by the Freedom Support Act of 1992. This funding reached a high of $1.3 billion for Russia in 1994 and had declined to $95 million in 1997. Under the...
Policy Memo # 12
Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Oct 1997
If American policymakers want to help ensure a democratic future for Eastern Europe, then they should focus on ensuring a democratic future for Russia. If American policymakers see the condition of Eastern European militaries as an important aspect in ensuring this future, then they should view the condition of the Russian military as equally important. As US democracy assistance to Russia moves into its next phase, policymakers should increase efforts...
Policy Memo # 11
Andrew Kuchins 01 Oct 1997
The evolution of Sino-Soviet/Russian relations from an antagonistic militarized stand-off in the early 1980s to a nascent partnership today is an important development in a changing Northeast Asian security environment. In a joint statement emerging from the April 1996 summit between Boris Yeltsin and Jiang Zemin, the Chinese and the Russians announced that they were engaged in building a "strategic partnership." Some eyebrows rose in response,...
Policy Memo # 10
Mark Kramer 01 Oct 1997
As a small Russian exclave some 300 kilometers away from the bulk of the Russian Federation, Kaliningrad Oblast is rarely mentioned in discussions of NATO expansion. (Kaliningrad is the Russian name of the city and oblast , or province. In German, the city now called Kaliningrad was long known as Königsberg; in Polish it was Królewiec; and in Lithuanian Karaliaucius. The Russian name will be used here except when referring to the pre-1946 period.) [...]...
Policy Memo # 9
Fiona Hill 01 Oct 1997
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia's international integration has been complicated by both its economic weakness and its unpredictable foreign policy. In 1996-97, as a result of the size of the potential revenues from the oil and gas sectors and the need to boost the economy, these issues have dominated Russian foreign policy, increasingly bringing Russia into direct competition with the United States. This is particularly evident in...
Policy Memo # 8
Douglas Blum 01 Oct 1997
The known volume of Caspian oil and gas reserves is immense, and new discoveries are reported regularly. With deposits of oil alone totaling perhaps 200 billion tons, the Caspian stands to become the third most important source of international reserves in the coming decade (after the Persian Gulf and Siberia). Yet for Russia the blessings are mixed. Russia's own share of Caspian deposits is marginal; by far the largest deposits fall within the...
Policy Memo # 7
Kimberly Marten 01 Oct 1997
US and NATO soldiers and sailors are making an extremely important contribution to American security interests by doing the unexpected: fraternizing with their counterparts from Russia, a country that may one day pose a new threat to US national security. Policymakers hope that these programs will serve to build personal connections and positive feelings among officers and troops on both sides of the old cold war lines. The most important contribution...

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