Policy Memos | Аналитические записки

Policy Memo # 275
Renée de Nevers 01 Oct 2002
U.S.-Russian relations have been strengthened considerably over the last year. Two developments led to this improvement: Russian president Vladimir Putin’s support for the United States in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks, and U.S. president George W. Bush’s decision to establish friendly working relations with Putin in order to secure Russian acquiescence to the U.S. withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty. One...
Policy Memo # 274
David Woodruff 01 Oct 2002
One of the important long-term trends in Russian business since the collapse of the Soviet Union has been concentration, as a small number of business groups (the heads of which are often termed oligarchs) have increasingly brought the country’s most significant firms under their control. These big business groups, many argue, have reached a crucial transition in their attitude to law. Weak legality and fragile property rights facilitated the...
Policy Memo # 273
Vadim Volkov 01 Oct 2002
Throughout the 1990s, the role of the Russian state in governing the private economy was negligible. Private organizations of various kinds, such as organized criminal groups, private security agencies, and informal groups of state police and security officers, were key to resolving property disputes, enforcing contracts, and processing security-related business information. After Vladimir Putin came to power, the central authority’s major concern...
Policy Memo # 272
Astrid S. Tuminez 01 Oct 2002
Private equity is a relatively common investment discipline in many Western countries and is an asset class that, over the years, has become an important component of many institutional portfolios. It refers to investments in private companies in the form of venture capital or leveraged buyouts (LBOs). Venture capital is risk capital for starting, expanding, or acquiring private companies and is important for the growth of any economy. LBOs refer to the...
Policy Memo # 271
Randall Stone 01 Oct 2002
Russia's current leadership recognizes the instrumental value of multilateral institutions and has adapted its foreign and economic policies to exploit them. This represents an important opportunity for the United States, whose major foreign policy objective toward Russia has been to promote its integration into the world economy. An integrated Russia is a more stable and less belligerent, more profitable and less unpredictable Russia. Russia's...
Policy Memo # 270
Dmitri Glinski 01 Oct 2002
Since the end of Yeltsin’s reign the debate waged in the Western academic and policy communities over the outcome of reforms in Russia has gradually subsided. The focus of security concerns has shifted to the Islamic world. Against this background, it often appeared (at least until the deadly hostage crisis in Moscow) as if Russia, with the exception of the North Caucasus, had regained stability, its people having come to terms with tectonic changes...
Policy Memo # 269
Eduard Ponarin 01 Oct 2002
The United States—although it attracts many immigrants and students from all over the world and its lifestyle is widely emulated—is also an object of intense and widespread hatred. The apparent paradox, however, is hardly unique and is explainable according to some theories of nationalism. Similar hatreds of various model societies have existed in many countries and historical periods. Resentment of the United States will continue as long as...
Policy Memo # 268
Ivan Kurilla 01 Oct 2002
During the first years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian president Boris Yeltsin’s administration paid little or no attention to the old symbols of Russian national pride. Liberal ideology, as Yeltsin’s advisers understood it, had nothing to do with the old symbolism. The revolutionary wave that Yeltsin rode tended to destroy all symbols of the Soviet past, crush monuments, and change cities’ and streets...
Policy Memo # 267
Theodore Gerber, Sarah E. Mendelson 01 Oct 2002
Despite claims by the media that anti-American sentiment is growing rapidly in Russia, recent survey data show most russians are neutral toward Americans and, by implication, the United States. Those who do express a point of view, however, are about twice as likely to be anti-American as pro-American. Moreover, groups expected to be more pro-American--the young, the highly educated, and residents in the capital cities--are in fact more likely to hold...
Policy Memo # 266
Georgi Derluguian 01 Oct 2002
According to many analysts, anti-Americanism in Russia is on the rise. This is not a unique phenomenon, as anti-Americanism clearly exists across the globe. Although this memo focuses on Russia, many states have witnessed a surge in anti-Americanism, even in the wake of September 11. Much of the worldwide reaction to the September 11 attacks emphasized the sympathy felt toward the human tragedy in the United States. At the same...